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Friday, May 15, 2015

Sir Arthur Cotton Birth Anniversary

At Dowleswaram Bridge

Statue of  Sir Arthur Cotton

           Arthur Cotton was born on 15 May 1803 as tenth son to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Calvely Cotton. He was one of eleven brothers, who lived honorable lives through all the vicissitudes of their different careers. At the age of 15 i.e., in 1818 Cotton joined as a cadet for Military at Addiscombe where cadets for Artillery and Engineering Service of East India Company received training. He was appointed to the Royal Engineers as Second Lieutenant in 1819.

          Cotton is revered in the Godavari District for making it the 'rice bowl' of Andhra Pradesh. Cotton is widely known as the 'Delta Architect' of the Godavari District because of his pioneering work in irrigation engineering through his construction of the anicut system. His efforts transformed the Godavari River system from a threatening and deadly natural force into a tame and fertile water resource. Throughout both East and West Godavari Districts, Cotton is often depicted on horseback.
         The Dowleswaram Barrage is an irrigation structure which is built on the last stretch of the Godavari River before it empties into the Bay of Bengal It was built by a British irrigation engineer, Sir Arthur Cotton. His projects averted famines and stimulated the economy of southern India.

             Cotton Museum is constructed on behalf of Mr.Cotton's memory. It has been one of the tourist places for locals who stay in nearby villages and for people of Rajahmundry. The Godavari River empties its entire water into the Bay of Bengal after flowing a few miles from the Dowleswaram Barrage. Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton, a British irrigation engineer, constructed the Dowleswaram Barrage which helped in boosting the economy of the state in large scale. The village of Dowleshwaram is at a distance of eight kilometers downstream of Rajamundry.                                                             Rajamundry is a city situated on the left bank of Godavari River. The upstream, where the River is divided into two streams or distributaries called the Gautami to the left and the Vasistha to the right, forms the dividing line between the West Godavari and the East Godavari districts. The height of the Dowleswaram Barrage is 15 feet and its construction was completed in the year 1850. Adjoining two mid stream islands, the barrage is constructed in four sections

Cotton's Tomb Stone

Dowleswaram Barrage

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